Kidney Stones: Cause, Symptoms and Treatment 

Kidney Stones Signs and SymptomsEvery year there are a lot of people who experienced having kidney stones. This is a condition where you have hard mineral deposits are formed inside the kidneys. Walking distance can be easily cured and treated we don’t need to undergo extensive treatment. The sweetest you have large kidney stones, there is a need to undergo surgery and other procedures. Having kidney stones can be really painful and can cause discomfort. As such, it is essential that you know the different ways to reduce the risk of having kidney stones along with the other information that you need to have better understanding of this condition.

Signs and Symptoms

Does you have a kidney stones may experience having certain signs and symptoms. One of the most common signs that you can experience if you then you are suffering from severe pain at the sides and the back. This pain spreads down to the lower abdomen and can be pretty much intense. You will also notice that you have to urinate most of the time and and you’ll observe that this is not your normal and urinating behavior. When you urinate, you will notice that the color of your urine appears red or brown. There are also cases wherein you may experience infection and this can give you fever and chills.


Different Types of Kidney Stones

There are actually different kinds of kidney stones. You need to know the type of kidney stone to help you reduce the risk of having this kind of medical condition.

Struvite stones: This kind of kidney stone occurs when a person has urinary tract infection. When you have an infection, you are more likely to suffer from Struvite stones. The stones can grow fast and may be enlarged. Worse, there are only few symptoms of having Struvite stones. Those who have this kind of kidney stone might not be totally aware of their condition until such a time that they experience the worse signs and symptoms.

Different types of kidney stones

Calcium stones: Most of the people who have kidney stones are suffering from what you call the calcium stones. When you eat certain foods that contain high oxalate levels, you may have calcium stones. Dietary factors can increase oxalate in your urine which can result to this type of kidney stone.

Cystine stones: Kidney stones can also be attributed to hereditary factor. When the body releases too much amino acids in particular cystinuria, you are at higher risk of having Cystine stones.

Urice acid stones: When you do not drink ample fluids or when you loose too much, the tendency is that you may be at higher risk or uric acid stones.

There are also other kinds of kidney stones but they rarely occur.

There are different factors that can increase the risk of having kidney stones. One of the factors is your family history. If there is one member in your family that has experience or had kidney stones, you are more likely to have kidney stones as well. Another factor its attributes did the dehydration. Do you should do not drink enough water everyday has higher risk of having kidney stones. In fact even temperature can also increase your risk of having this condition. People sweat a lot are at higher risk of having kidney stones.

We know that the food that we eat can positively or negatively affect our health. A person who eats a lot of food that contains too much sodium and sugar are at higher risk of having different kinds of kidney stones. What happens for instance if you eat or you have too much sodium in your food, the calcium your kidney increases. When this happens it negatively affects your kidney.

When you are obese or you have a high body mass index it in also building to higher risk of developing kidney stones. Few people know that other medical conditions can increase your risk of having kidney stones. For example if you have urinary tract infection or if you are taking certain medication, you are at risk of having this medical condition.

Smoking in stores are not that life threatening. Given the right medication by your doctor, it can be cured right away. However if you are suffering from large kidney stonesand you and manifesting should be a signs and symptoms, you may have to undergo certain treatments and other procedures.

Preparing For an Appointment

Before you go to the doctor it is important that you make the necessary preparations. First of all you need to ask if there is something that you should do before your appointment. Do you need to limit your diet? How about the food that you have to avoid? It also helps if you can write down the signs and symptoms that you can see whether it is related or not related to kidney stones. During the 24 hour period, list down or keep track the number of times you drink as well as you urinate. You should also list down the medications and other supplements that you are taking. There are people who get really anxious when they go see a doctor. So it actually helps if you can take a family member or other loved ones with you.


What do you expect if ever you do you go to your doctor? Your doctor will ask you certain questions. First your doctor would know I do when you experience the signs and symptoms. You will also be asked regarding the severity of symptoms. And since family history can also be a contributing factor to kidney stones, your doctor may also require you personal information regarding your medical history.

Tests and Procedures

If the doctor suspects that you are suffering from this condition, you may have to undergo certain tests and other procedures. Blood test is conducted to show us to how much calcium and uric acid are found in the blood. Aside from blood testing , you will also have to undergo urine testing. With this test your doctor will require you to have 2 urine samples Katie if you are excreting certain minerals or substances.

Another procedure that can be conducted is what you call imaging. This test is conducted to show if there are kidney stones in your urinary tract. Imaging makes use of simple xrays to see if there are even small stones.

Treating Small Stones

Small stars with minimal symptoms would not require any invasive treatment. There are proven and easy ways for you to remove small stones. Drinking 1.9 to 2.8 liters of water everyday can help in removing stones as this flush out the urinary system. And the effective method is to use pain relievers. People who have small stones may experience mild pain. Doctors would recommend you to take being relievers it gets rid of the minor discomfort. You may also undergo certain medical therapy that will help remove the small stones.

Treating Large Stones

Compared to people who are just suffering from small kidney stones, do you have large kidney stones need to undergo extensive treatment. There are various procedures that are conducted. Using sound waves is one of them. Sound waves can be actually used to break up stones depending on the location and the size. Basically the treatment uses sound waves to have strong vibrations which can break stones into pieces. I know the procedure is that you may have to undergo surgery. To remove huge stones in the kidney you would have to undergo surgery operation. Under this procedure you will have  general anesthesia, the doctor in busy you spell the schools and other instruments to remove the kidney stones. Another type of surgery is the parathyroid gland surgery. The surgery is conducted if your kidney stones is attributed the problems with your parathyroid glands.


Aside from certain procedures, medications are also needed. They are used to control acid as well as minerals found in urine. This is very useful especially for those who have specific kinds of stones. Your doctor will recommend the kind of medication based on your condition.

If you are suffering from uric acid stones, your doctor may require the use of allopurinol. This medication can prevent bacteria that may result to infection. In addition to the use of medicine, your doctor may recommend that you have long term use of antibiotics. This is prescribed to cure kidney stones.

For those who have calcium stones, another type of medication is used. Your doctor may recommend that you use thiazide diurectic.

In order to prevent struvite stones, you may have to use antibiotics. The use of antibiotics is recommended before and after a surgery.

Among the three, cystine stones are really difficult to cure. You have to drink more fluids so that you will urinate often. Your doctor will also recommend that you use medication that will decrease cystine.


Healthy Lifestyle

The kind of lifestyle that you have can reduce your risk of having kidney stones. First of all it is important that you have ample water intake throughout the day. If you already have kidney stones before, your doctor recommends that you drink at least 2.5 liters of water everyday. You can further increase your water intake if you are living in a very hot and humid environment. Drinking plenty of water can give you several amazing health benefits. One of which is that it makes your kidneys healthy. If your urine is clear, it means you drink enough water. But if it looks yellowish, this means that you are dehydrated.

The kinds of food that you eat can also did you see the risk of having kidney stones. As much as possible, avoid eating foods the car high in oxalate. Some of these foods include sweet potatoes, chocolate and a whole lot more. Eating foods that contain too much oxalate can increase your risk of calcium oxalate stones. There is nothing wrong in eating these kinds of foods. But you have to do it in moderation. Have a healthy and balanced diet. If you tend to eat foods that contain too much sodium, you are at higher risk of having kidney stones. Choose meals and food products that contain low salt as well as animal protein. In having protein intake, it is strongly recommended that you go for non-animal for your source of protein. You can continue eating foods that contain calcium. But what you should be careful about is that you should be cautious when you take calcium supplements. When you eat foods containing calcium, it does not put you at risk of having kidney stones. However, if you are using calcium supplements, you have to be more careful since this can increase your risk of having kidney stones.

If you are uncertain when it comes to foods that you should eat and what you should avoid, it helps if you ask your doctor or a dietitian. In that way, you can create an eating plan that can reduce your risk of having kidney stones.

What to Expect from Your Doctor

When you schedule for an appointment with your doctor, you have to answer certain questions. For instance, your doctor might ask you about the signs and symptoms. You should be able to tell your doctor as to when your symptoms started. The frequency is also important. Your doctor will also ask you regarding the severity of the symptoms. When asked for your medical history, you should completely give the information asked by your doctor. Kidney diseases can also be attributed to hereditary factors. With the information and other details that you divulge to your doctor, you get to have the right diagnosis of your condition.