Kidney Infection: Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

Lets learn about kidney infection! Kidneys are very essential components in the urinary system. They include the urinary bladder, uretra and prostate for men. That is why it is essential to have healthy kidneys. They perform crucial and critical functions in the body. Unfortunately there are also many factors that can cause to kidney problems. Nowadays there are a lot of people who experience having kidney infections. In order for you to avoid experiencing this kind of problem, it helps if you know the underlying causes that can attribute to this condition as well as the different means to avoid it.

Kidney Infection Problems

Know More About Kidney Infection

Kidney infection is part of the different infections in the urinary system. Once the infection reaches the kidneys, it is now considered to be the upper urinary tract infection. This condition is very common and in fact 40% of women and 10%of the men are diagnosed with urinary tract infection. Women younger than 50 years old I’m more likely to suffer from kidney and urinary tract infections. How does a person have kidney infection? There are underlying causes that lead to this condition. One of which is through sexual intercourse which can increase the risk of having infection in women. Studies which show did even pregnant women are also at higher risk of having infection.

 

Kidney Infection Symptoms

A person who is suffering from kidney infection can usually notice the different signs and symptoms. For one, you may experience having chills and fever and then you feel like you are generally weak and over fatigue. Those who are suspected to have kidney infection are said to experience this kind of problem. You will also notice that there is a burning sensation whenever you urinate. It just feels so different and when you feel like it is different when you urinate, that is the sign to watch out for. At the side of the lower back you can feel pain. Older patients may have weaker immune system. They will experience having fast heart rate, dehydration, confusion and low blood pressure. A person that exhibits these signs and symptoms should set an appointment with a doctor right away.

 

Risk Factors

There are various risk factors that are attributed to kidney infection. When you are aware of the different risk factors, you can be more mindful of your actions and you can have preventive means to avoid factors that can trigger or can worsen the condition. So, what are the different risk factors for kidney infection? For one, pregnant women and sexual intercourse are but just some of the major risk factors that are attributed to this condition. If you have a history of kidney stones as well as urinary tract infection, you are at higher risk of having kidney infection. People who suffer from diabetes also face the same risk. A person who is in severe condition is also at high risk of having kidney infection.

Difference Between Kidney and Urinary Tract Infection

Some people would often be confused as to whether kidney and urinary tract infection are the same. Is the really the same? The urinary tract system is composed of various parts including the bladder, ureters, kidneys and urethra. Any of these components that get infected can be referred to as UTI or urinary tract infection. However, if the kidney is the one which is infected, it is called as kidney infection. The different urinary tract infections include the following:

  • Recurrent cystitis
  • Prostatitis (prostate infection)
  • Kidney infection (pyelonephritis)
  • Catheter-associated UTI
  • Acute uncomplicated cystitis (bladder infection)
  • Complicated UTI

Is Screening Needed for Kidney Infection?

Some people would end up knowing that they have kidney infection and it’s already in the later stages. So, is screening highly recommended? Basically, screening is not that generally recommended. But it basically helps that the person undergoes screening bacteria. The urine can be screened to see if there is an infection which can result to urinary infection. Through the right screening process, the healthcare medical professional can easily and properly see if there is infection in your kidney.

When Do You Seek Medicare

Being at least knowledgeable with the signs and symptoms can definitely help a lot. Once you notice these signs and symptom, you should see medical help right away. Only a certified doctor can conduct the necessary diagnosis and other procedures to find out the best treatment that you can use to cure kidney infection.

How is kidney infection diagnosed? A person who is suspected having kidney infection will have to undergo procedures. Your doctor will require you to undergo a complete physical examination. You have to provide all of the details of your medical history. Vital signs are also checked including respiratory rate, temperature, heart rate and blood pressure. For younger women, they may be required to take a pelvic exam.

One of the most essential tests conducted to see if a person has kidney infection is the urinalysis. Using urine as the sample, the doctor can analyze the urine and see if there is bacteria. A urine sample that has more than 100,000 bacteria in 1 cc indicates urinary tract infection.

Different Types of Kidney Infection

There are actually different types of kidney infection. It may be classified as the following: complicated, uncomplicated and chronic kidney infection.

Complicated kidney infection: This is a type of kidney infection where there’s another condition that escalates the risk of having worse infection. The symptoms are also severe and a patient who is suffering from this kind of kidney infection might be less responsive to the usual treatments.

Chronic Kidney Infection: If a person is suffering from recurring infection, it is categorized as chronic kidney infection. It results from the kidney stone blocking the ureter. A person suffering from this type of kidney infection may suffer milder symptoms compare to those who have complicated kidney infection. However, the symptoms may last longer. Patients will have to undergo extensive evaluation like X-rays and CT scans.

Bacteria That Cause Kidney Infections

What are the usual bacteria that cause kidney infections? The most common bacteria would include the following: Klebsiella, Proteus, Pseudomonas, Enterococcus, and Staphylococcus saprophyticus. 80% of those who are suffering from kidney infection have e-coli.

Treatment for Kidney Infection

Once you are diagnosed with kidney infection, your doctor will prescribe the best treatment. You will have to take antibiotics depending on the directions of use as recommended by a healthcare professional. Antibiotics are used to prevent any further bacteria growth and to get rid of the infection. Then, blood and urine sample are taken and evaluated to see if there is bacterial growth. If the antibiotic does not work out, you may have to use another antibiotic. Aside from taking the necessary medication, you also have to further increase fluid intake. There are also other supplementary treatments. For instance, you can take products that contain cranberry. Acupuncture is also proven to be highly effective in treating kidney infection.

Foods To Avoid

When you have kidney infection, although there is no data that would recommend that you avoid eating certain foods while you have kidney infection, it still helps if you are careful with the foods that you eat. When you have this condition, you may suffer from having poor appetite. There might also be cases where you feel like you want to vomit and nauseatic. To treat kidney infection, you can try natural remedies. For instance, you can take cranberry juice or any other product that contains cranberry. They are known to have strong anti-bacterial properties.

How to Prevent Kidney Infection

To avoid having to undergo this whole thing, it is important that you find ways as to how you can prevent having kidney infection. There are ways to prevent kidney infection. For women, wiping the genital area after going to the bathroom can prevent bacteria. It is strongly recommended that you use wet wipes of the use of douching.

Aside from having the right hygiene routine, you may also have to take preventive antibiotic therapy. If you have recurring UTI for many times a year, it is really useful that you take preventive antibiotic therapy. Since sex can also be another risk factor. It is strongly recommended that the person urinates after a sexual activity. Another treatment is through hormonal therapy. You may have to apply a topical intravaginal estriol cream. This cream is said to reduce UTI.

Self-Care at Home

Just because you have kidney infection does not mean that you can no longer find an effective treatment at home. As long as you take the recommend antibiotics and other medications then you can also find additional means and ways to treat the infection. One of the most essential and effective means is to have lots of water intake. You have to make sure that you are well-hydrated all throughout the day. Having enough rest at home is also important.

Kidney Infection Follow

A person who is diagnosed to have kidney infection should have a routine follow-up with the doctor. This is to check as to whether the treatment has been really effective. If ever the person’s condition does not improve, the doctor might have to prescribe other antibiotic or to have additional medication.

Taking Care of Your Kidneys

Apart from the different ways that you can use to prevent having kidney infection, you also have to take care of your kidneys. There are various ways for you to avoid having to experience kidney related problems.

The very first thing that you should do is to make sure that you have a healthy and active lifestyle. Nowadays, a lot of people spend time working and stressed out. With the busy schedule that most people have, it is difficult to find time to exercise. If you are inactive, you are prone to various kinds of diseases and illnesses and that includes kidney related problems. So, take time to engage in any physical activity. No matter how busy you are, you should get regular exercises. There are various physical programs and activities that you can try. You can either go to the gym or you can play your favorite sports. Your choice of physical activity will just depend on your personal preferences. All you have to do is to find time for it.

Monitor and Control Your Sugar Level

Those who have diabetes are at higher risks of having kidney infection. As such, you should also be mindful of your blood sugar level. This is essential for you to further prevent any kidney damage. Be careful with the foods that you eat. As much as possible, go for a diet that contains healthy foods. As much as possible, avoid foods that have too much salt and sugar. You should also go for foods that are known to anti-oxidant and anti-bacterial properties. In that way, your body can easily fight off infection.