A person who is suffering from kidney failure will have to undergo treatments and other medications to give cure. Among the most effective treatment used for kidney failure is dialysis. What is this treatment and how does it work? Are there side effects? What are the risks? These are just some of the questions that you have to know.
Dialysis is essential especially since a person cannot last a day if her kidneys are not working properly. The kidneys play crucial role in terms of excreting wastes and balancing fluids in the body. What happens if your kidney fails to do its work? Wastes in the blood tend to accumulate if the body does not have functional kidneys. This can be a really dangerous situation especially since it can result to coma or even death.
Benefits of Dialysis
Dialysis is intended to work as kidneys while your kidney is damaged at the moment. One can get various benefits when you use this treatment. For one, it works as kidneys. Although it does not replace the functions of kidneys, it aids in filtering wastes and blood in the body. For the meantime that you are undergoing medication and treatment, dialysis does the work. However, it is important to note that dialysis is not used to cure kidney disease.
Different Types of Dialysis
Thanks to technology, there are now different types of dialysis. Depending on your preference and the recommendation of your doctor, you can simply choose which dialysis treatment is the best option.
Hemiodialysis: This particular treatment is where a machine is used. What it does is that it aids in filtering the blood. With the help of special filters, blood is excreted out of the machine through a tube. In turn, the filtered or cleansed blood is then injected to the body. It goes back and forth using another catheter. This treatment would last about 3 to 4 hours per week. The time length varies depending on the condition of the patient. You can have this treatment at home.
Peritoneal Dialysis: Another type of treatment is the Peritoneal dialysis. This treatment makes use of a tube that is inserted into the abdominal cavity. What it does is that it makes use of the natural capacity of the peritoneum to filter wastes. With this type of treatment, you can choose as to whether you will go for the the Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) or the the Continuous cyclic peritoneal dialysis (CCPD). The first treatment is it does not make use of any machine. There is a dialysate that is used and injected into the abdomen for about 8 hours. This procedure is done every 4 to 5 times a day. Another treatment is the Continuous cyclic peritoneal dialysis. With this treatment, there is a machine used. The difference is that the fluid exchange is done through a machine and it can be conducted every night. The Continuous cyclic peritoneal dialysis would take about 10 to 12 hours.
What Are the Side Effects?
Taking dialysis may also have side effects and it helps to know these side effects and what you can do if ever you experience any of them.
Muscle Cramping: This is one side effect of dialysis. You will experience cramps in your muscles. A lot of people who are undergoing dialysis are experiencing severe discomfort. There is no known cause as to why a person experiences having muscle cramps. The best way to get rid of this side effect is to stretch the muscles to get rid of the pain. You may also have to undergo certain medications as recommended by your healthcare provider.
Dry Skin: A person undergoing dialysis may also experience having dry or itchy skin. This is the common side effect of patients who are undergoing this treatment especially during winter season. The reason as to why patients experience having this kind of side effect is that it is high in phosphorus. To get rid of this problem, you can use soaps and other skincare products that would not dry out the skin.
Nausea and Vomiting: These are usually associated with people who are suffering from kidney diseases. In fact, they are known to be signs and symptoms. If you are experience these side effects, you should tell the nurse right away so necessary adjustments are done.
Low blood pressure: Having low blood pressure is one of the most common side effects of patients undergoing dialysis. There are two main causes as to why a person will experience having low blood pressure. For one, if you have a weak heart and you are undergoing dialysis, you might experience this problem. Another cause is when you have excess fluid weight. To address the problem, make sure that you avoid eating foods that contain too much salt.
Fatigue: Considering the fact that it takes hours to undergo with this treatment, you will surely feel tired and exhausted. This is basically one of the reasons why a lot of people would often feel fatigue and this is one common side effect. When you have lost kidney functions, your body will experience having fatigue. Since you will be undergoing this treatment, there are restrictions when it comes to the food that you eat.